Pakistan and Saudi Arabia have deep economic, political and military ties. It's history goes back to 1943 when King Abdul Aziz send the first foreign aid of £10,000 on the request of Quaid e Azam to help the victims of Bengal famine. There are over 2.5 million Pakistanis in...
KSA who send remittance of roughly $5 billion to $6bn. Pakistan army has been deployed in KSA since the 1960s to protect the Kingdom. There are multiple sources who claim that Pakistani commandos were part of the military operation in 1979 when an insurgent group under the..
command of Juhayman had seized the Grand Mosque of Mecca. Pakistan also helped in the establishment of Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF). KSA sent its two naval ships to help Pakistan in the 1971 Indo Pak war. Over the next two decades, up to 15,000 Pakistani troops were posted in...
..KSA to provide security along with 6,000 until the Gulf War in 1991.

When Pakistan conducted nuclear tests in 1998, the economy was in dire straits. Pakistan was down to only $600 million in foreign exchange reserves against an outstanding foreign debt of $38 billion.
Pakistan would have defaulted under the economic sanctions imposed by the US before the Saudis chipped in. To ease the economic pressure, Saudi Arabia agreed to a three year plan to accept deferred oil payments from Pakistan in 1998. According to a western diplomat..
the Saudis after three years of deferred payments practically wrote off the payments.

In 1998, according to Guardian when the Saudis bailed out Pakistan, oil prices had fallen to $10 a barrel and “the Saudis had an unprecedented budget deficit and even had to borrow money”
According to Robert Baer, a former CIA agent, Saudi Arabia poured over $1 billion into Pakistan's nuclear programme.

Prince Turki bin Faisal once described the relations between Pak and KSA as “probably one of the closest relationships in the world between any two countries”.
In 2019, Prime Minister Imran Khan visited Iran and KSA to defuse tension in order to promote peace and security in the region. Few days back, Khan had welcomed the Saudi initiative for peace with Iran. His visit comes at a very crucial time.
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