Massacres of Turks and Kurds were carried out by Armenian gangs in the Caucasus. Justin McCarthy suggested that the reason for this is that Armenians have a small population of 19% (39% according to Armenian sources)
in Vilayat-I-Sitte, which they want to include within the borders of an Armenian state, and that the way to increase the proportion of this population is to reduce the number of Muslims in the region.
Ovanes Kaçaznuni notes that bloody events took place between Muslims and Armenians in 1905 and 1906. In 1914, he says that Armenian troops began their activities against the Turks.
In 1915, an order was sent to Aram, the Armenian governor of Van, ordering the killing of Kurds in the region by a Russian commander. Ottoman archives state that 523,000 Turks were killed by Armenian gangs between 1910 and 1922.
An article dated May 14, 1915, sent from the French Foreign Ministry to the Russian Embassy in Paris, states that about 6000 Muslims were killed in the region during the van Uprising. A Russian general said that rapes were also carried out by Armenians against Muslims.
On August 19, 1915, the Austrian ambassador of the time spoke of "large-scale massacres committed by Armenians against Turks"
The Russian armies, which were invading the region in 1916, captured Erzurum on 16 February and Erzincan on 11 July. Turks took Erzincan back on 13 February 1918 and Erzurum on 12 March 1918.
Russian Lieutenant-Colonel Tverdohlebof stated that in the spring of 1917, Armenians persecuted and tortured the people in order to collect weapons in the hands of the people. Later, massacres began to increase as the Russian army withdrew.
In 1918, Armenians killed 800 Turkish civilians in Erzincan. As the Armenians retreated to Erzurum, they killed the people in the Turkish villages on the road. Turks who could not escape the Armenians were killed in Ilica.
All Muslims of Tepekoy were killed on February 17, 1918. The bodies of Turks killed in Tepekoy were found during excavations at Ataturk University in 2010 and their number was determined to be 150.
On February 26, 1918, Armenians who were withdrawn from Tekederesi killed Muslims who went on their way and stole the animals of the people in the villages that stood in front of them. On February 27, 1918, Armenians killed Turks in Alaca village of Erzurum.
In Erzurum, Turkish bazaars were burned by Armenians.On the night of 26-27 February 1918, Armenians killed between 3000 and 8000 Muslims in Erzurum.Russian Lieutenant Colonel Tverdohlebof reports that the Turks in the villages close to Erzurum "disappeared" in late February 1918.
In December 1918, the people of Uluhanli, Kamerli and Dereleyez were persecuted by Armenian gangs. In May 1918, the Ottoman army captured the area and reported that the Armenians had burned 250 Muslim villages.
In the First World War, 6 provinces (Sivas, Mamurtul Aziz, Diyarbakir, Bitlis, Van and Erzurum), which made up 17 percent of the total Armenian population and 78 percent of Muslims, were occupied by Armenians claiming to be themselves
American historian Justin McCarthy today states that all Muslims living in the region were killed by Armenian gangs in order to create an Armenian state in order to expel them from the region.
In July 1919, British Lieutenant Colonel Albert Rawlinson, in a telegram sent to the British General Headquarters in Istanbul, stated that Armenians had committed massacres against the Turks from Oltu to the Bayezid border.
An Ottoman document dated 16 July 1919 reports that Armenians attacked and killed Muslims in the Sharur and Nakhchivan region, poured the people of Sharur into the Aras River and attacked 45 villages.
11 in response to these massacres. The Caucasian Division was sent to the region and the Armenian gangs, consisting of 600 men, were defeated by the Ottomans.
Armenian Lieutenant Colonel Melik Shahnazarov's report on an Armenian Division states that he captured about 30 Turkish villages, killed their inhabitants and plundered villages, and asked for permission to attack 29 other Turkish villages.
In 1920, an Armenian officer reports in his report that he killed the Turkish population in Basar-Gecar without distinguishing it. In 1920, Turkish and Kurdish populations were killed in the villages in Kars and the villages were looted.
An Ottoman document dated December 4, 1920 states that Armenians massacred 13 villages in Sarikamis, in which 1975 people were killed and 276 households were destroyed.
Ahmet Esat Uras states that the massacres of Armenians "without distinction of men, women and children" are included in the Russian records. The Armenian population in the United States also supported these massacres.
March March March April 30-April 3, 1918, or March massacre, killed between 3,000 and 12,000 Azerbaijanis and members of other Muslim ethnic groups. In the events, Azerbaijanis ' houses were burned, and those thought to be Azeris were killed in the streets.