Aside from under reporting to police, every police department collects and aggregates data differently. So when they send along their data to Stats Can, they are all collected together as a collage of very diverse data collection methods. Like, every archive sent is different.
This means that Stats Can is putting together a wider database of data that doesn't always fit together. And beyond that, not every department actually collects that data or records them reliably.
In other words, it's all a hot mess. It's usually public orgs that do data collection on hate in the void of reliable institutional data. Honestly, I applaud and support @antihateca for wanting to take up survey research on this stuff.
Actually, one more FYI: Police don't tend to report harassment against marginalized people as hate crimes (or crimes for that matter). I've been violently harassed in the streets of Ottawa several times. It's scary, it's horrible. And there is very little recourse.
I don't generally believe in carceral/punitive solutions to hate. But it's a glaring omission. Some of the most common instances of hate we face as trans women is street harassment and it's the least likely to be recorded or reported.
This sheds light into another flawed aspect of collating hate crime data. A lot of hate instances don't even count as hate crime and are often reported elsewhere in other categories. And again, how those data points are categorized differs across police departments.
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