Beautiful Synagogues & Jewish Architecture ✡️❤️🕍

Gwoździec Synagogue, built in 1650 in Gwoździec, Ukraine.
Destroyed in 1941 by Nazis.
Reconstructed by the Polin Museum in Warsaw.
Neue Synagoge, built in 1866 on Oranienburger Straße in Berlin.
One of the few synagogues in Germany to survive Kristallnacht.
Gardens Shul, built in 1905 in Cape Town.
Oldest synagogue in South Africa.
Mikvé Israel-Emanuel Synagogue, built in 1730 by Dutch Sephardi Jews in Curaçao.
It's the oldest synagogue in the Caribbean and it has a sandy floor 🏖️
Neveh Shalom Synagogue was built by Dutch Sephardi Jews in 1723 in Paramaribo, Suriname. (They had a thing for sandy floors)
They sold it to Ashkenazi Jews in 1735 and it is still the only Ashkenazi synagogue in Suriname.
The Keizerstraat Mosque is next door 🕍❤️🕌
Mattancherry Synagogue was built by Paradesi Jews (Sephardi immigrants to India) in Kochi, Kerala in 1568.
It is the oldest synagogue in the Commonwealth.
Trondheim Synagogue was built in 1925 in Trondheim, Norway.
Its the second-northernmost synagogue (after Or HaTzafon in Fairbanks, Alaska)
Tempio Maggiore of Florance was completed in 1882.
It was built in a Moorish style in part so it wouldn't look like a church.
The Jubilee Synagogue (also known as the Jerusalem Synagogue) was built in 1906 in Prague.
It is a blend of Moorish Revival and Art Nouveau styles.
Bevis Marks Synagogue was built by Sephardi Jews in the East End of London in 1701.
Its the oldest synagogue in Britain and the only synagogue in Europe that's had regular services continuously over the last 300 years.
Ohel Rachel Synagogue was built in 1920 in Shanghai by the Baghdadi-Jewish Sassoon family.
It is the oldest synagogue in Shanghai and the largest in East Asia.
It is in a Neo-Baroque style and partially modelled after Bevis Marks.
El Ghriba Synagogue was built at the end of the 19th Century by the Jewish community of Djerba, an island off the coast of Tunisia.
It was built on the site of a far older synagogue. It is said that this former synagogue was built by a Kohen Gadol who fled Nebuchadnezzar II.
The Musmeah Yeshua Synagogue was built in 1896 by Baghadi, Bene Israel and Cochini Jews in Yangon.
It is the only synagogue remaining in Myanmar.
The Jakab and Komor Square Synagogue was built in 1901 by the Hungarian-Jewish community of Subotica, Serbia.
It's the second largest synagogue in Europe and the only surviving synagogue in the Hungarian Art Nouveau style.
Shaare Shalom Synagogue was built in 1885 by Sephardi Jews in Kingston, Jamaica.
It was destroyed by an earthquake and then reconstructed in 1912.
The Zamość Synagogue was built in 1618 in Zamość, Poland.
Construction began in 1610 when the restriction forbidding Jews from building with stone was lifted.
Temple Emanu-El was built in 1929 by Reform Jews in New York.
It can seat 2,500 people and it is one of the largest synagogues in the world.
The Agudas Achim Synagogue was built in 1936 in Brno, Czechia.
It was built in the ultra-modern Functionalist style.

[He's a cubey boi 🧊]
The Uzhgorod Synagogue was built in 1904 in Uzhhorod, Ukraine.
It mixes Romantic, Moorish Revival & Byzantium Revival styles.
Sadly, it's not been used as a Synagogue since WWII.
Knesset Eliyahoo was built in 1884 by the Baghadi-Jewish Sassoon family in Mumbai, India.

They liked the colour blue 💙
The Gumbaz Synagogue was built in 1891 by Bukharan Jews in Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
'Gumbaz' means dome and it is a feature of traditional Uzbek architecture.
The Great Synagogue was built in 1892 in Plzeň, Czechia.
It can seat 2,000 people, making it one of the largest synagogues in the world.
The city council forced the towers' design to be shortened so the a nearby bishop would not get envious.
Beth Sholom was built in 1959 in Elkins Park, Pennsylvania.
It was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and it shows.
The Adrianople Synagogue was built in 1906 in Edirne, Turkey.
When it was reopened as an active synagogue in 2015, the city council hung a banner across the street saying "Welcome home, our old neighbours"
The Tree of Life Synagogue was built in 1881 by the Reform community in Bradford, Yorkshire.
It is the 3rd oldest Reform synagogue in Britain.
It narrowly avoided regeneration in 2013 thanks to generous support from the local Muslim community ❤️
Princes Road Synagogue was built in 1874 in Toxteth, Liverpool.
It is the oldest synagogue in Liverpool and it's really peng.
Hobart Synagogue was built in 1845 in Hobart, Tasmania.
It is the oldest synagogue in Australia and it is a rare example of the Egyptian Revival style.
It features hard benches at the back for Jewish convicts who were allowed to attend services.
The Great Synagogue was built in 1774 in Włodawa, Poland.
Surprisingly, it was not particularly damaged by the Nazi occupation and it was maintained and restored by Communist Poland.
Immigrants from Włodawa set up a smaller version in Bethal Green in 1901.
The Touro Synagogue was built in 1763 by Sephardi Jews in Newport, Rhode Island.
It is the oldest synagogue in North America.
[Poor choice of flags by the Torah Ark 🤮🤮🤮]
The New Synagogue was built in 2010 in Mainz, Germany.
It sits on the site of an older synagogue that was destroyed during Kristallnacht.
Ohel Leah Synagogue was built in 1902 in Hong Kong by 3 brothers of Baghadi-Jewish Sassoon family.
They named it Ohel Leah after their mother, Leah Sassoon, which has given many other Jewish mothers unrealistic expectations.
The Great Synagogue was built in 1918 in Oran, Algeria.
It took 38 years to build and was the largest synagogue in Africa.
It was converted into a mosque in 1975 and named after Abdellah Ben Salem, a 7th Century Jewish convert to Islam.
El Tránsito Synagogue was built in 1356 in Toledo, Spain.
Its construction defied laws requiring synagogues to smaller and uglier than nearby churches.
Its a stunning example of Mudéjar style architecture, containing both Hebrew and Arabic inscriptions.
The Magen David Synagogue was built in 1884 by Baghdadi Jews in Kolkata, India.
Its built in the Italian Renaissance style and its entrance is hidden in the back of some street stalls.
Haim Synagogue was built in 1913 in Tehran.
Built in the Qajar style, its regarded as the first synagogue in Iran to be built outside of the various ghettos.
Nidhe Israel Synagogue was built in 1654 in Bridgetown, Barbados.
It was built by Sephardi Jews who fled Dutch Brazil following its capture by Portugal.
It was destroyed by a hurricane in 1831 and then later rebuilt.
The Grand Choral Synagogue was built in 1880 in St. Petersburg.
It designed to be large enough to fit the entire city's Jewish community at the same time.
Modelled after Berlin's Oranienburger Synagogue, it combines Moorish Revival and Neo-Byzantine styles.
The Agudas Achim Synagogue was built in 1922 in Chicago, Illinois.
It was abandoned in 2008 but its still in reasonable shape. There are some plans to preserve this great example of Art Deco and Romanesque-Revivalism.
Shaar Hashamaim Synagogue was built in 1824 in Belem, Brazil.
It was the first synagogue built by Moroccan Jewish immigrates to Brazil and its still in use today.
The Grand Synagogue was built in 1937 in Tunis, Tunsia (The only democracy in the Middle East 😉)
Great example of the Romano-Byzantine style. It was damaged by riots following the 6-Day War and was restored in 1996.
Malmö Synagogue was built in 1903 in Malmö, Sweden.
A beautiful example of Art Noveau and Moorish Revivalism.
Ohel Jakob synagogue was built in 2006 in Munich, Germany.
The glass ceiling is meant to invoke a tent (ohel is Hebrew for tent).
The Weinhof Synagogue was built in 2012 in Ulm, Germany.
Another good example of a Cube.
The New Synagogue was built in 1918 by Russian Jews in Harbin, North East China.
It was the largest synagogue in China.
In 2004, it became Harbin Museum of Jewish History and Culture.
Templo Libertad was built in 1932 in Buenos Aires.
It took 35 years to complete and it is Argentina's oldest synagogue.
The Old New Synagogue was built in 1270 in Prague.
It is the oldest active synagogue in Europe and one of Prague's earliest Gothic buildings.
The attic is where Rabbi Loew stored the body of the Golem.
The Yu Aw Synagogue was built in 1393 in Herat, Afghanistan.
It is made from mud bricks and it was recently restored by the local government.
The Montefiore Synagogue was built in 1833 in Ramsgate as a private synagogue for Moses Montefiore.
It's a rare example of a synagogue in the Regency style. A mausoleum modelled on Rachel's tomb was built next to it.
The Maghen Abraham Synagogue was built in 1925 in Beirut.
The PLO guarded the synagogue when it controlled the area. It was abandoned after it was badly damaged by Israeli bombing in 1982. It was restored in 2010 but has been damaged by the 2020 Beirut explosion.
The Congregation Israelite Synagogue was built in 1930 in Lubumbashi, DRC.
It was built in an Ashkenazi style despite most of the community being Sephardi.
Plymouth Synagogue was built in 1762 by Dutch and German Jews in Plymouth, Devon.
It is the oldest Ashkenazi synagogue in the English-speaking world.
Ohel David Synagogue was built in 1867 by the Baghdadi-Jewish Sassoon family in Pune, India.
It was built in the Gothic-Revival style and it is the largest synagogue in Asia (outside of the naughty land).
Beis Rachel Synagogue was built in 2004 in Astana, Kazakhstan.
It was built by billionaire Alexander Mashkevitch and its run by Chabad Lubavitch.
The Sarajevo Synagogue was built in 1902 in Sarajevo by Ashkenazi Jews.
It is the only synagogue still active in Sarajevo today.
The Novi Sad Synagogue was built in 1909 in Novi Sad, Serbia.
It was built by Hungarian Neolog Jews and was designed in the Hungarian Secession.
The Spanish Synagogue was built in 1868 in Prague.
Its name refers to its Moorish Revival design rather than the congregation, who were German-speaking Jews.
[It is the most beautiful synagogue in the world, ngl]
The Spanish Synagogue was built in 1550 in the Venice Ghetto by Jews who had been expelled from Spain.
It was allowed by the Venetian authorities on the condition that its exterior didn't indicate it was a synagogue.
The Great Synagogue was built in 1870 in Stockholm.
Another great example of Moorish Revivalism.
Shaar Hashamayim Synagogue was built in 1812 in Gibraltar on the site of a previous synagogue from 1724. It served a community that was a mix of Portuguese Jews from England and Moroccan Jews.
The Kadoorie Synagogue was built in 1938 in Porto, Portugal.
It is named after the Baghdadi-Jewish Kadoorie family who funded its construction. Its was built in a Modern style with Sephardi-Moroccan decoration.
New West End Synagogue was built in 1879 in London.
Historic England described it as "the architectural high-water mark of Anglo-Jewish architecture".
Lille Synagogue was built in 1891 in Lille, France.
It is an Ashkenazi Synagogue in the Romano-Byzantine style.
Agudas Achim Synagogue was built in 1925 in Stellenbosch, South Africa.
Built in a Cape Dutch style, it is a great place to meet Boerejode.
Temple Beit El Synagogue is in Casablanca.
It was built by Algerian Jewish immigrants to Morocco.
Congregation Mickve Israel was built in 1878 in Savannah, Georgia.
The congregation was founded by Sephardi Jews from London, England.
[What is the deal with American shuls and flags by the bimmah? 🤮]
Maghain Aboth Synagogue was built in 1878 in Singapore by Baghdadi Jews.
It mixes Colonial and Neo-Classical styles and it is the oldest synagogue in South East Asia.
The Szeged Synagogue was built in 1907 by Neolog Jews in Szeged, Hungary.
It draws on Moorish Revival, Art Nouveau and Gothic styles and is the 2nd largest synagogue in Hungary.
The Brandeis-Bardin Institute was built in 1947 in Simi Valley, California.
You might recognise it as Command Centre in the Power Rangers.
The Žiežmariai Synagogue was built in the 1920's in Žiežmariai, Lithuania.
It was built on the site of a much older shul which burnt down in 1918. It is one of the few surviving traditional wooden synagogues of Eastern Europe.
B'nai Israel Synagogue was built in 2003 in Southbury, Connecticut.
A cute, modern style synagogue much loved by loved by its congregants!
The Middle Street Synagogue was built in 1875 in Brighton, England.
Its design is a mix of Italian Renaissance and Byzantine Revivalism. The interior decoration was funded by the Sassoon family.
The Anshe Emeth Beth Tefilo Synagogue was built in 1950 in Cleveland, Ohio.
The 30 metre dome was the 3rd largest in America and represents the unity of Heaven and Earth. [It looks like a boob]
The Great Synagogue was built in 1884 in Turin following the emancipation of the Jews.
During its construction, the congregation complained to the architect that it was too tall; “We only need a place to pray. We don’t need to pray into the ears of G-d.”
Congregation Shaarey Zedek was built in 1962 in Southfield, Michigan.
It has been described as one of the "top 10 breathtaking places of worship" and "an erupting eternal flame into a concrete Sinai on the shoulder of Interstate 696"
The Black Shed Shul is on the Isle of Skye, Scotland.
If you know, then you know.
South Hampstead Synagogue was built in 2019 in Chalk Farm, London.
It replaced an older building from 1962. Great vibes, great kiddush.
Chewra Nosim Synagogue was built in 1889 in Lublin, Poland.
It was the only synagogue in Lublin which survived WW2. Paweł Matraszek, who manages it, says his grandfather survived the war by joining the Red Army: "Communism was a popular religion for Jews who weren't millionaries"
The Chachmei Yeshiva was built in 1930 in Lublin, Poland.
It was the largest yeshiva in the world. It is now a luxury hotel but it still have a synagogue in its south wing.
The Old Synagogue was built in 1913 in Essen, Germany.
Its design mixes Byzantine Revival and German Art Nouveau styles. The original interior was destroyed when the synagogue was set on fire during Kristellnacht.
Merthyr Synagogue was built in 1877 in Merthyr, South Wales.
It is the oldest synagogue in Wales and it is soon to open as a museum. It was built in the Gothic Revival style and it is the only synagogue in the world to feature a dragon on its gable.
The Eldridge Street Synagogue was built in 1887 in Chinatown, New York City.
It was one of the first synagogues built by Eastern European Jews in the Americas and its a great example of the Moorish Revival style.
Altı günbəz Synagogue was built in 1888 in Qırmızı Qəsəbə, Azerbaijan.
It is famous for its 6-domed roof. Qırmızı Qəsəbə is a town of 4,000 Juhuro (Mountain Jews) who speak Judeo-Tat. It is the only all Jewish town outside of The Naughty Land and the United Snakes.
Casale Monferrato Synagogue was built in 1595 in the Jewish Quarter of Casale Monferrato, Italy.
It is famous for its grand Baroque architecture. The synagogue is separated from the street by a courtyard due to laws forbidding Jewish worship to be audible by Christians.
Peitav Synagogue was built in 1905 in Riga, Lativa.
It mixes Art Nouveau and Egyptian Revivalist styles. It was the only synagogue in Riga to survive the Nazi occupation and it was one of the few that were allowed to operate in the Soviet Union.
Ohel Shelomo was built in 1970 in Kobe, Japan.
It follows Sephardi Minhag and is run by Chabad.
North Shore Congregation Israel was built in 1967 in Glencoe, Illinois.
It was designed by Minoru Yamasaki and is a great example of his New Formalism style.
The Córdoba Synagogue was built in 1315 in Córdoba, Spain.
It followed the traditional Mudejar style and was so large it pissed off Pope Innocent IV: "The Jews of Cordoba are rashly presuming to build a new synagogue of unnecessary height thereby scandalising faithful Christians"
The Old Synagogue was built in 1848 in Canterbury, Kent.
It is considered to be the finest example of an Egyptian Revival synagogue and it contains the only Egyptian Revival mikvah.
Beth Shalom Temple was built in 1952 in Havana.
It is the main hub of the Jewish community in Cuba. In 1981, part of the building was bought by the state to set up the Bertolt Brecht Cultural Centre. Fidel Castro attended their Janucá celebrations.
The Golden Rose Synagogue was built in 1868 on Sholom Aleichem street in Dnipro, Ukraine.
Built in a Modern style, it became a worker's club in 1924 with the seal of the USSR placed over the Magen David. It was returned to the Jewish community in 1996 and is still active.
The Status Quo Ante Synagogue was built in 1900 in Târgu Mureș, Transylvania.
Its eclectic design borrows from Gothic as well as Moorish architecture.
The Asmara Synagogue was built in 1906 by Yemini Jews in Asmara, Eritrea.
Samuel Cohen is the only member of the community still in town and he looks after the synagogue and graveyard.
Meir Taweig Synagogue was built in 1942 in Baghdad.
With a small congregation, it is the only synagogue in Baghdad that is still active.
Maribor Synagogue was built in the late 13th Century in the ghetto of Maribor, Slovenia.
Since the Jews were expelled in 1497, it has been a Catholic church, a merchant store, a military warehouse, a wine cellar, a brush factory, an art studio and now a Jewish museum.
Ibn Shushan Synagogue was built in 1180 in Toledo, Spain.
It was designed by Muslims for Jews living in a Christian kingdom and it's Europe's oldest synagogue. It was seized by the Church in 1405. The Jewish community asked for it back in 2013, the church has not yet responded.
The Dohány Street Synagogue was built in 1859 in Budapest.
It is the largest synagogue in Europe, the centre of Neolog Judaism and a world class example of Moorish Revivalism.
The Yusef Abad Synagogue was built in 1965 in Tehran.
It is the largest synagogue in Iran. When Mohammad Khatami visited in 2003, he became the first President of Iran to visit a synagogue since the Islamic Revolution.
Tempio Maggiore was built in 1904 in Rome.
Its design is an eclectic mix of Assyrian-Babylonian, Neo-Classical and Egyptian Revivalism with an Art Nouveau interior. It has an unusual square dome on its roof made from aluminium.
The Portuguese Esnoga was built in 1675 in Amsterdam by a community of Sephardi Jews who were expelled from Portugal.
It was built in the Iberian style, modelled after Solomon's Temple and it was the largest synagogue in the world upon its completion.
Kinloss Synagogue was built in 1967 in Finchley, London.
With a capacity of 1,400, it is one of the largest synagogues in Britain. Due to its imposing Modern facade, it is occasionally referred to as "Masada-upon-the-A406."
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