We're now in unprecedented territory when it comes to treaty & international organization exits.
Because its the latest in a notable trend by the @realDonaldTrump administration: https://twitter.com/KSchultz3580/status/1266504416351236096
Under what conditions do states withdraw from intergovernmental organizations (IGOs)? Recent events such as Brexit, the US withdrawal from UNESCO, and US threats to withdraw from NAFTA, NATO, and the...https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11558-019-09352-2
But @iBorzyskowski & Felicity Vabulas show in @ISQ_Jrnl that this is even more rare than unilateral exits. https://academic.oup.com/isq/article-abstract/63/1/139/5308143?redirectedFrom=fulltext
Abstract. Why do intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) that espouse democratic commitments suspend the membership of some states that backslide on those commihttps://academic.oup.com/isq/article-abstract/63/1/139/5308143?redirectedFrom=fulltext
Party alliances, subsidies, and easy emigration all help soft authoritarians stay in power.https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2019/12/02/eu-is-supposed-promote-democracy-so-why-do-anti-democratic-politicians-thrive-within-it/
While the ACT of treaty/IO exit is rare, it turns out that many (most?) treaties/IOs have provisions that allow for exit, as discussed by Barb Koremenos & Allison Nau
The Rational Design of International Institutions - Volume 55 Issue 4 - Barbara Koremenos, Charles Lipson, Duncan Snidalhttps://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-organization/article/rational-design-of-international-institutions/29B784E99033C7B3FC0564B96A64FE21
Contracting around International Uncertainty - Volume 99 Issue 4 - BARBARA KOREMENOShttps://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/american-political-science-review/article/contracting-around-international-uncertainty/7A228EC5FA365881333F0C883ECDBB50
No reason to leave if there are no real restrictions. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-organization/article/is-the-good-news-about-compliance-good-news-about-cooperation/636DE333F8E1EC944825DDBFD81BE294
Is the good news about compliance good news about cooperation? - Volume 50 Issue 3 - George W. Downs, David M. Rocke, Peter N. Barsoomhttps://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/international-organization/article/is-the-good-news-about-compliance-good-news-about-cooperation/636DE333F8E1EC944825DDBFD81BE294
As Julia Gray in @ISQ_Jrnl finds, when IOs nolonger serve member state needs, IOs become "zombies": the IO continues on paper, but the member states don't bother to formally shut it down https://academic.oup.com/isq/article/62/1/1/4946301
In that sense, international relations scholarship shows that the behavior of the @realDonaldTrump administration is truly unprecedented.