[THREAD] The diversity of Tunisian architecture

Tunisia is often only architecturally associated with the stereotypical white houses with blue doors and windows typically found in coastal cities and embodied by Sidi bou Said.
But Tunisian architecture is more.

Sidi Bou Said:
The South: Matmata's troglodyte's houses

The Berber village of Matmata is known for it's underground "troglodyte" structures.

The village appears in the "Star Wars" movie as well as in the video game "Call of Duty".
The South: Djerba's Ibadite architecture

The island Djerba is known for its strikingly white simple Ibadite mosques and its houses that contrast with its crystal blue beaches.

Similar architecture can be found in he city of Ghadames in Libya.
South: The clay bricks of Tozeur and Nefta

The southern cities of Tozeur and Nefta are known for their traditional architecture that uses locally produced yellowish clay bricks
The North's red tiled houses: Ain Drahem, Bni Mtir,Beja, Tabraka, Manzel Bourguiba, Jendouba etc....
The North: The Andalusian architecture of Testour and Zaghouan

Andalusian architecture can be found in several towns and cities of Northern Tunisia but Testour and Zaghouan are the most emblematic ones.
South: Chenini and Douiret

These berber villages are known for there houses that are craved inside a mountain.

The villages sit on high altitude and have a breathtaking view over the rocky and arid southern landscape
The North: The Moorish 7 Ottoman architecture of Tunis

Known for its paved small streets & alleys, courtyards, souks, its mosques, palaces, the medina of Tunis concentrates different architectural influences ,mostly Moorish and Ottoman.
North: Tunis and its surroundings

The french colonial art Nouveau archiecture of Tunis.
Also found in la Marsa.
The Arab Medieval Fortresses :
1. Sfax
2. Sousse
3. Monastir
4. Kairouan

Some of those fortresses serve as mosques at the same time.
These rocky robust structures were build especially during the Aghlabid era in order to protect the cities from Byzantine maritime attacks.
North: (Tunis and its surroundings)

French colonial architecture: Neo Mauresque/ Moorish revival architecture. Not to be confused with Moorish architecture.

1. The Cathedral of Saint Louis Carthage
2. The Kasbah, Tunis
3 and 4. Royal Victoria Palace, Tunis
The North & Center:

The high altitude rock based architecture of the Berber villages/cities of Zriba Olaya, Kesra, Takrouna, Gafsa etc

1. Kesra (northwest)
2. Takrouna (Sahel)
3. Gafsa (Center/Southwest)
4. Takrouna (Sahel)
South: The Ksours of the south

There are several Ksours in the south of the country in Mednine and Tataouine (around 90).

They were used by Berber tribes and later Arab tribes to store resources.
Coastal cities : Hammamet, Sousse, Monastir, Mahdia, Hergla, Bizerte, Tabarka, Kelibia, Djerba etc

Coastal cities are the most touristic and often share similar white houses & blue or green doors/windows aesthetics of Sidi Bousaid.

They usually have ancient forts and a medina.
Center: Kairouanese architecture

Due to its Historical importance, this one deserves a tweet of its own.
The city is known for its carpets and Mosques.

Its legendary mosque was used as an architectural reference for the mosques of The Maghreb and Al Andalus.
The North: Especially the Cap Bon region

Italian & French Colonial farms and train stations are a common sigh in the North of Tunisia especially in the rural portions of the Cap Bon and the North.
Most are deteriorated, bust some have been reconverted into rural guest houses.
Northwest: Kefi Architecture

The white and green aesthetics of the city of Kef.
sorry for the Typos :)
Sephardi Jewish Architecture:

1.Synagogue of La Ghriba , Djerba (South East): an annual pilgrimage site

2. Synagogue of Zarzis (South East)

3.Synagogue of La Marsa (North)

4. Great Synagogue of Tunis (North)
Roman architecture:

After the Muslim conquest, Roman & Byzantine architectural elements survived & got absorbed and incorporated to other styles

1. El jem, the largest Roman Colosseum outside of Italy

2. Roman swimming pool in Gafsa

3.4 Roman columns used in ancient Mosques
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