A non exhaustive thread on the origin of Cuttack street and market names

Lal Bagh - Named after the Lal Bagh Palace of Mughal Governors. Later used by Marathas and British. Present building built in 1870 for Commissioner of Orissa. Now Shishu Bhavan.
Meria Bazar - Either named after the medhs of the various pujas or the colony of the rescued Merias from what is now Kandhamal who were saved from human sacrifice by the Meria Commission of 1840s
Buxi Bazaar - Mir Bakshi was the paymaster of Maratha and Mughal armies. The area is NOT named after the freedom fighter Buxi Jagabandhu. British records from 10 yrs before his imprisonment show the name as Bakshi Bazaar
Naya Sadak - The road is only relatively new! It was built in late 17th century by the Mughal governor as a new market place leading from Lal Bagh Palace. Survives as one of the few straight roads of the city
Kafla Bazar - Appears in early records as Qafila Bazar. Likely to have been the central market for the caravans or qafilas that brought in goods from North India

Chauliaganj - The Marathas around the 1780s designated this suburb as the main paddy (chawal) market of the town.
Jobra - Unclear. But the Savara tribe of hills nearby have a similar word for a pond or marsh. Likely to have been a waterlogged area along the Mahanadi. Described as a “charming little village of mango orchards” by John Beames, Collector in 1875
Chaudhri Bazar - Named after a Marwari trader who was the benefactor of the Jain temple nearby. Dates from the Maratha rule

Dewan Bazar - Named after the Dewan of the Subahdar of Orissa under Aurangzeb's rule who constructed the mosque in the market. Dates from 1660s.
Alamchand Bazar - A khatri trader and bureaucrat who rose to be the Dewan of Nawab Shujauddin when he was Governor of Orissa in 1720s. Shuja later became the Nawab of Bengal. Alam Chand followed his master and became Rai Rayan, the virtual number two of the Nawab's realm
Mansinghpatna - Clearly named after Raja Mansingh who defeated the Afghans and established Mughal rule in 1590. He is also believed to have constructed the original Laxmi Narayana Temple in this area for the Rajputs in his army.
Bidanasi - Doubtful but likely to be a corruption of Varanasi. The Kesari kings of Odisha sought to replicate all the pilgrim sites of the Hindu world in their realm. The fort of Abhinava Katak Varanasi (New Fort of Varanasi) was their creation.
Badambadi, Rajabagicha, Banabagicha - Numerous gardens covered the area between Chandni Chowk and Barabati. The agricultural fields lasted till the early 20th century

Balu Bazar - Reference to the days when the Kathjori's sand used to blow across in the summer months.
Chakkar Padia - Cuttack’s Race Course was a favourite of the sahibs. Name is either from the Polo Chukkers or the horse race itself. The entire area is now a part of Ravenshaw University

Purighat - Before the bridge, this was where the Kathjori was crossed for going to Puri
Cantonment Rd - The Old Secretariat and today’s Police Headquarters housed a major Army cantonment from 1810 to 1910s. The NCC offices are its last remnant. All bungalows on the road housed Army officers with a few Civil Servants. Till 1970s, the Mahanadi abutted the road
Suddur Bazar - Extinct name for the markets around Manisahu Chowk. Called Sadar or Main Market as they supplied the nearby Cantonment

Bank Bazar - Another extinct name for the market opposite Big Bazaar. Housed Cuttack’s first bank in 1830s. Now UCO Bank main branch.
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