What is the difference between a state of emergency🚨and a curfew 🕛. What instances can they be invoked?

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State of emergency is a situation that empowers a government to impose policies that it would normally not be permitted to undertake. State of emergency are usually declared during natural disaster, civil unrest, armed conflict, medical pandemic, epidemic or biosecurity risk.
A curfew on the other hand is an order specifying the time when individuals are required to stay in their homes or return home.

By virtue of Section 305 of the Constitution of Nigeria, the President is empowered to issue a proclamation of a state of emergency in the country..
or any part. This proclamation is subject to the approval of the National Assembly through a resolution.

NOTE: The President upon the proclamation must transmit copies and details of the emergency to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives,
each of whom shall convene or arrange for a meeting of the House to consider the situation.

Curfews are most times declared in a state of emergency where stricter rules applies.

State of emergency are proclaimed in the following situations:
1. War

2. Imminent danger of invasion or involvement in a state of war;

3. Actual or present or clear breakdown of public order and public safety in the country;

4. Disaster, natural calamity affecting the country or a community;

5. Public danger

6. Upon request from the Governor of a state regarding (issues in no 3 & 4 above.)

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