#Chile’s worst drought in 6 decades: "Cattle ...collapsing where they stand & reducing to skeletons in the baking heat & boats...left abandoned in dried-out marinas." https://news.sky.com/story/chile-turning-to-desert-in-worst-drought-in-60-years-11792743
#Brazil: "In the height of daytime on Monday, the sky suddenly blackened, and day became night in Sao Paulo." https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/08/20/sudden-darkness-befalls-sao-paulo-western-hemispheres-largest-city-baffling-thousands/?noredirect=on
Blackness descended on Sao Paulo in the middle of the day Monday, the result of smoke from wildfires thousands of miles away mixing with a cold front.https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2019/08/20/sudden-darkness-befalls-sao-paulo-western-hemispheres-largest-city-baffling-thousands/?noredirect=on
#Amazon wildfire increases in #Brazil since 2018:
Mato Grosso: 260%
Rio de Janeiro: 173% https://www.poandpo.com/news/wildfires-in-brazil-up-82-percent-from-january-to-august-2082019816
The number of forest fires in Brazil increased by 82 percent from January to August in 2019 compared to the same period last year, the country\'s National Institute for Space Research (Inpe) said on...https://www.poandpo.com/news/wildfires-in-brazil-up-82-percent-from-january-to-august-2082019816
#Argentina: "Heatwave turns 'gateway to Antarctic' into beach town" https://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2019/02/05/Heatwave-turns-gateway-to-Antarctic-into-beach-town/6811549385861/
Unusually warm weather turned the gateway to the Antarctic into a beach outing area as the unexpected heat forced authorities to declare a work holiday.https://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2019/02/05/Heatwave-turns-gateway-to-Antarctic-into-beach-town/6811549385861/
"much of the country's last decade has been marked by a severe & persistent drought ... #Venezuela has also lost 4 of its 5 glaciers since the 1990s" https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/where-climate-change-fits-into-venezuela-rsquo-s-ongoing-crisis/
"In the last 18 months, #Colombia has lost nearly 100,000 acres of coffee plantations, more than 4% of the land under coffee cultivation" https://e360.yale.edu/features/as-climate-changes-colombias-small-coffee-farmers-pay-the-price
Hundreds of Colombia’s small coffee growers have stopped cultivating the bean in the face of low prices and reduced harvests linked to a shifting climate. As farmers struggle, the nation’s scientists...https://e360.yale.edu/features/as-climate-changes-colombias-small-coffee-farmers-pay-the-price
#Ecuador has 7 glaciers. 2 could be lost in the new few years due to #ClimateChange. https://www.efe.com/efe/english/technology/climate-change-threatens-2-of-ecuador-s-7-glaciers/50000267-3901514
Ecuador could lose two of its seven glaciers over the next few years thanks to global warming, a phenomenon that worries experts because it would alter the paramo ecosystem and its effect on the natiohttps://www.efe.com/efe/english/technology/climate-change-threatens-2-of-ecuador-s-7-glaciers/50000267-3901514
New Study: 'Monkeys living in South America are highly vulnerable to climate change and face an "elevated risk of #extinction"' https://www.stir.ac.uk/news/2019/06/monkeys-face-climate-change-extinction-threat/
Monkeys living in South America are highly vulnerable to climate change and face an “elevated risk of extinction”, according to a new University of Stirling-led study.https://www.stir.ac.uk/news/2019/06/monkeys-face-climate-change-extinction-threat/
"Deforestation of the #Amazon rainforest increased by 278% in July 2019 compared with July 2018, resulting in the destruction of 870 sq mi (2,253 sq km) of vegetation" https://www.livescience.com/66120-amazon-rainforest-deforestation-bolsonaro.html
#Bolivia "authorities warned this week that 70% of the department of Santa Cruz [more than a quarter of the population] ... is under "extreme risk" from forest fires.' https://www.euronews.com/2019/08/22/bolivia-like-neighbour-brazil-battles-intense-wildfires-that-have-so-far-burnt-500-000-hec
About 70% of Bolivia's Santa Cruz department — where more than a quarter of the country's population lives — is under "extreme from forest fires.https://www.euronews.com/2019/08/22/bolivia-like-neighbour-brazil-battles-intense-wildfires-that-have-so-far-burnt-500-000-hec
"The catastrophic loss of another fifth of #Brazil’s rainforest could happen within one generation. It’s happened before. It’s happening now." https://theintercept.com/2019/07/06/brazil-amazon-rainforest-indigenous-conservation-agribusiness-ranching/
Without action, the loss of another fifth of Brazil’s rainforest will trigger a cascading system collapse called “dieback” and release a carbon bomb.https://theintercept.com/2019/07/06/brazil-amazon-rainforest-indigenous-conservation-agribusiness-ranching/
#Chile's "government has declared an agricultural emergency in many areas to try to fast-track a series of relief measures for farmers..."
"The soil in the #Amazon rainforest is the poorest & most infertile in the world. If one cuts down the forest, it is irretrievably lost...What remains is washed out, worthless soil" https://www.dw.com/en/the-amazon-nutrient-rich-rainforests-on-useless-soils/a-50139632
Rainforests in Brazil are burning. Their loss can never be restored. That's because these soils are not just infertile, they're the most nutrient-poor soils in the world — and they're unsuitable for...https://www.dw.com/en/the-amazon-nutrient-rich-rainforests-on-useless-soils/a-50139632
"... if the #Amazon reaches a tipping point, it could become a dry savannah & will no longer be capable of supporting much of the wildlife that exists there today ..." https://truthout.org/articles/the-amazon-is-dying-and-bolsonaro-is-fanning-the-flames/
"...the intense drought affecting [ #Chile] & its possible consequences" are causing alarm. Agricultural emergencies have been declared in many regions.
#Amazon approaching 'die-back' tipping point ... "a nightmare scenario that could see much of the world’s largest rainforest erased from the earth" https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/30/world/americas/amazon-rainforest-fires-climate.html
"For the 20 million living in [ #Brazil’s Porto Velho] region, now suffering a haul of respiratory problems, the government has provided little ..." https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/amazon-fires-brazil-children-school-smoke-bolsonaro-rainforest-a9085631.html
Hospitals now seeing a surge in respiratory problems as Porto Velho residents suffer under the cloud of smokehttps://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/amazon-fires-brazil-children-school-smoke-bolsonaro-rainforest-a9085631.html
#Amazon fires: 'The only “winners” in burned forest are likely to be raptors and other predators' (including fascists) https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2019/08/how-the-amazon-rainforest-wildfires-will-affect-wild-animals/
Peak ski season: "Skiers dodged rocks, patches of grass & muddy slush as they descended the slopes of #Chile’s El Colorado ski resort...And those were the good trails"
"the surface area of #Peru’s glaciers has shrunk by about 40% since the 1970s, and the tops of many glaciers no longer stay frozen year-round"
"Wildfires raging in #Bolivia's forests & grasslands since May have destroyed 1.7 million hectares (4.2 million acres)..." http://en.rfi.fr/contenu/20190905-bolivia-has-lost-17-million-hectares-fire-government
"61% [of #Ecaudor's Chocó region, a biodiversity hotspot] has been deforested; one-fifth of that loss occurred between 2000 & 2018."
#Chile's "Metropolitana region has suffered a 78% rainwater deficit & neighboring Valparaíso region has a similar deficit ... the Coquimbo region has an 83% deficit"
"Eastern #Paraguay was once covered by wooded savannahs, grasslands & dense humid subtropical forest, but these habitats have been devastated [for] soybeans & beef."
Clams "dying off in droves as waters warm off the coast of #Uruguay is one of the most vivid displays of the impacts of climate change." https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/powerpost/paloma/the-energy-202/2019/09/11/the-energy-202-uruguay-s-clam-die-off-is-a-vivid-sign-of-global-warming-s-ripple-effects/5d77f65588e0fa7bb93a8a72/?noredirect=on
A mysterious ocean hot spot off the coast is warming rapidly.https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/powerpost/paloma/the-energy-202/2019/09/11/the-energy-202-uruguay-s-clam-die-off-is-a-vivid-sign-of-global-warming-s-ripple-effects/5d77f65588e0fa7bb93a8a72/?noredirect=on
"The drought in #Chile continues, and it is now expected to affect more regions and more fruit ... kiwi, apples and grapes ... will probably be affected the worst."
Chimborazo is the highest mountain in #Ecuador. Global warming is "converting Chimborazo's gleaming ice to a sodden, pitted moonscape" https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/09/global-warming-has-made-iconic-andean-peak-unrecognizable
#Chile's Minister of Agriculture "did not know if the availability of water will be sufficient to grow fruits and vegetables next summer"
#Peru: Ping-Pong-ball-sized blueberries. (I've seen 'em!) "The reason so much water flows through this desert is that an icecap high up in the mountains is melting away" https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/26/world/americas/peru-climate-change.html
Accelerating glacial melt in the Andes caused by climate change has set off a gold rush downstream, letting the desert bloom. But as the ice vanishes, the vast farms below may do the same.https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/26/world/americas/peru-climate-change.html
#Chile: rains in the Andes lead to floods in the Atacama desert below; in the south, high temperatures are causing wet woodlands to burn. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-02-08/world-s-driest-desert-floods-as-extreme-weather-conditions-mount?srnd=climate-changed
The world’s driest desert is flooding and some of the planet’s wettest woodlands are burning. Welcome to summer in Chile.https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-02-08/world-s-driest-desert-floods-as-extreme-weather-conditions-mount?srnd=climate-changed
#Brazil: "Heavy rains killed at least 10 people and left a trail of destruction in Rio de Janeiro ... 152 millimetres of rain fell in just four hours." https://www.cbc.ca/news/world/brazil-rio-rain-deaths-1.5091370
Heavy rains killed at least 10 people and left a trail of destruction in Rio de Janeiro on Tuesday, raising questions about the city's preparedness to deal with recurring extreme weather.https://www.cbc.ca/news/world/brazil-rio-rain-deaths-1.5091370
" #Chile’s drought is not showing any signs of ending." https://www.nrdc.org/experts/carolina-herrera/chiles-ongoing-water-crisis-threats-and-needed-actions
From too much water to not enough, this critical resource presents unique challenges in the Metropolitan Region (MR) of Chile, the hub of the country’s bustling capital and nearly half of the Chilean...https://www.nrdc.org/experts/carolina-herrera/chiles-ongoing-water-crisis-threats-and-needed-actions
"one effect of forest loss in the #Amazon has largely been ignored: how it influences the river system and the fish living in it" https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2019/09/amazon-fires-brazil-threaten-fish/
The South Atlantic 'warm blob' off the Uruguayan coast "has driven mass die-offs of clams, dangerous ocean heat waves & algal blooms, and wide-ranging shifts in #Uruguay's fish catch"
#Brazil: "It’s cheaper and easier to clear the forest than comply with the law, and there’s no real punishment for those who don’t." https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-features/amazon-burning-bolsonaro-novo-progresso-deforestation-885114/
Inside the battle for the Amazon rainforest's future — and ours — as Brazilian farmers vow to protect their way of life at any costhttps://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-features/amazon-burning-bolsonaro-novo-progresso-deforestation-885114/
#Chile's drought worsening, now affecting 70%: "it has barely rained at all this year, the town’s reservoir is dry, and the summer ... hasn’t even begun yet." https://www.untvweb.com/news/chile-withers-as-70-of-the-country-stricken-by-drought/
Chile is drying up and the problem is getting worse. A drought currently affects over 70% of the country according to the country’s climate change office and the previous decade has been the driest...https://www.untvweb.com/news/chile-withers-as-70-of-the-country-stricken-by-drought/
"the Gran Chaco [in #Argentina, #Paraguay, #Bolivia & #Brazil] is one of the most deforested areas on the planet. Every month, an area twice the size of Buenos Aires is cut down"
#Bolivia: "the Andean glaciers are among those that shrink the fastest. Between 2000 and 2018, the glaciers lost an average of 23 billion tonnes of ice a year" https://www.france24.com/en/20190919-melting-snowcaps-spell-water-trouble-for-world-s-highest-capital
New in Biol. Conservation: '"deforestation was positively associated with armed conflict intensity & proximity to illegal coca plantations,” especially in the #Colombian #Amazon'
New in Science: 'instead of increasing downriver, fish diversity decreases closer to the mouth of the #Amazon, concentrating more upriver... "an unusual pattern"' https://www.scidev.net/global/biodiversity/news/amazon-fish-face-new-threats.html
#Bolivia: "firefighters have started to retreat from the front lines of some ...forest fires ...The retreat is caused by the loss of hope to control the fire."
"The installation of plants to desalinate sea water is being considered today by #Chilean authorities to combat the serious #drought that is affecting agriculture."
#Chile: "Chilean Police Repress Demonstration Against Water Crisis"
"The national police beat demonstrators, dragged them off the road and arrested 17 protesters"
" #Venezuela will be the first country in South America to lose all its glaciers"
#Chile: "government will convene a 'national unity' panel to confront the drought that affects 1/3rd of the country & is considered the most severe in the last 50 years."
Epic drought continues in #Chile: "... more than 30,000 head of livestock have died of hunger or thirst, and crops have been lost for lack of rain ..."
"... more than 2.3 million animals perished in fires burning in protected forest and grassland areas, such as the tropical savannas of the Chiquitania region in eastern #Bolivia."
#Colombia: "Tinigua National Natural Park lost 16,000 ha between 2017 and July 2019, almost all of it primary forest, while the other parks also lost significant amounts of forest."
Oil spill of unknown origin "stretches over 1,500 km of #Brazil's northeast coast, affecting 46 cities and around 100 of the country's best beaches ..."
"South America’s second-largest forest, the Gran Chaco, is disappearing in plain sight."
#Chile drought continues: "So far, 106,000 animals have died due to lack of water and fodder, mostly goats, cattle and sheep, according to the agriculture ministry."
New in The Cryosphere: "Nearly 30% of #Peru’s glaciers have melted away since 2000 ... ice loss from 2013 to 2016 was four times faster than the previous four-year period"
"2019 is already the worst drought year in #Chile’s history"
"Decades of internal conflict have fueled an unprecedented surge in illegal mining in #Colombia’s Choco region, decimating the Atrato River basin ..."
"For 10 years now, central #Chile has experienced a ‘mega-drought’. The phenomenon ... has led to the creation of an agricultural emergency zone being declared [in] six ... regions."
"While fires have eased in the #Brazilian #Amazon, it's been a different story in another fragile region to the south - the #Cerrado savannah."
#Peru: "gold mining ... is destroying primary forests and has affected the basins of the Pintuyacu and Quimpichari rivers."
New in PNAS: "Tropical deforestation may spur the transmission of malaria at levels much higher than once thought"
Ventanas, #Chile: industrial pollution decimates a once-thriving fishing industry.
"... clams, limpets, abalone & crabs ... contaminated with copper, arsenic and cadmium"
#Chile: "“There’s no water anywhere,” Mejias said. “The bees are suffering just the same as cattle, crops and people.”"
"Fires in #Brazil's Pantanal wetlands have [burned] an area the size of London in just the past 10 days, burning some animals alive and sending others fleeing."
NASA has warned that "based on 20 years of ground and satellite data, "human activities are drying out the Amazon" and jeopardizing its ability to sustain itself."
"4,500 sq. km of the Brazilian Amazon was deforested between 2017 & 2019 & then burned ... 65% of that deforestation occurred in 2019 alone"
"Deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon has hit the highest annual level in a decade"
#Chile: "Ranchers have seen tens of thousands of animals die. Beehives are getting wiped out, and reservoirs are running low."
"... because of a drought & a decline in planted area ... total Chilean table grape exports in 2019-20 will fall 3%, with apple exports down 7% and pear exports off 10%."
"the number of people stung by yellow scorpions across #Brazil jumped more than tenfold since the turn of the century, from 12,000 in 2000 to 156,000 last year"
"Fires in the #Amazon rainforest are likely to increase the rate of melting of Andean glaciers, potentially disrupting water supply for tens of millions of people ..."
#Peru: "melting has added perhaps 4B gallons of water to [Lake Palcacocha], which is just waiting to breach the dam when the next hunk of hulking ice cap plunges into its depths"
"Deforestation on protected indigenous lands in the #Amazon was almost three times higher than the loss of trees in the region as a whole and the highest since 2008"
"A surge in illegal gold mining in the Brazilian Amazon state of Pará is causing a dramatic rise in water pollution & deforestation..."
In 2018 #Peru produced 796% more blueberries than in 2015 & 81% more than in 2017.
Why? Because Peru's glaciers are melting: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/26/world/americas/peru-climate-change.html
Enjoy them while they last.
25/Dec/2019, #Chile: "A wildfire raged through a residential area on the outskirts of the Chilean city of #Valparaíso on Tuesday, engulfing houses and prompting evacuation orders."
"the authorities have enough evidence to conclude that the fire was started deliberately"